The history of Mosinzhproekt is closely connected with the history of Moscow. When mass construction of new territories began in the capital in the late 1950s, there was a need for an organization capable of carrying out integrated design for the construction of engineering structures and creation of an underground utilities network. After the merger into a single center of Glavmosstroi divisions, Mospodzemproekt and Dormostproekt institutes, the Executive Committee of the Moscow City Council of October 28, 1958, formed the Institute for Research and Design of Transport and Engineering Structures Mosinzhproekt.
According to the projects developed by the specialists of the institute over the past years, the following was built:
kilometers of roads
Urban public spaces
Engineering communications for residential areas
Since its foundation, Mosinzhproekt has focused on underground development projects. In the initial period of the institute’s history, these were the following utilities: heat, electricity and gas pipelines, sewerage systems. We can safely say that modern Moscow is based on the utilities that were once designed by the company’s specialists.
Mosinzhproekt is currently a single operator
of the metro construction program,
which continues developing
the underground space of the capital.
Mosinzhproekt also works on Moscow’s largest road and civilian property, improving the accumulated experience, knowledge, and technology.
Key activities of Mosinzhproekt in the period up to 2010:
Since its foundation, the Mosinzhproekt Institute has focused on the city's road facilities: projects have been developed to reconstruct the capital's major highways with the construction of underground pedestrian crossings and communications, including the reconstruction of the Moscow Automobile Ring Road (MKAD), and the construction of overpasses and bridges. Mosinzhproekt took part in implementing the largest road project in Moscow. The Third Ring Road, developed projects of the Fourth Ring road (several projects developed for FRR formed the basis of the North-Eastern Chord).
- Avenues: Leninskiy, Kutuzovsky, Ryazansky, Proletarsky Avenues (1950s-1960s), Olympiysky Avenue (1970s), Mira Avenue (2000s)
- Highways: Volokolamskoye, Dmitrovskoye, Altufyevskoye, Yaroslavskoye, Shchelkovskoye, Kashirskoye (1960s-1970s), Rublevskoye, Zvenigorodskoye, Borovskoye Highway, Dmitrovskoye (1980s-2000s)
- Bridges: Vysokoyauzsky, Sluzovoy, Spassky, Khimki bridges, Nagatinsky complex of bridge structures (1960s)
- Highway interchanges: Altufyevsky, Saikinsky, Moskvoretsky, Tsaritsynsky, Pokrovsky (1970s)
- Tunnels: Kutuzovsky, Tagansky, Dobryninsky, Varshavsky (1960s), Khodynsky tunnel, interchange on Nakhimovsky Prospekt with a railway underpass, interchange with Volokolamskoye Highway, the construction of a canal underpass (2000s)
- Overpasses: Ulyanovskaya (1960s), Rusakovskaya (1980s), overpasses on Vashavskoye Highway (2000s)
- The Third Ring Road includes such major facilities as the Kutuzovsky Prospekt interchange, the Gagarinsky, Lefortovsky tunnels, and the Sushchevsky Val tunnel (1990s-2000s)
During the initial period of the company's activity, Mosinzhproekt specialists participated in civil engineering projects. The Institute created projects to reconstruct the capital's railway stations and squares, projects for the 1980 Summer Olympics venues. Mosinzhproekt took part in the design of the Okhotny Ryad shopping mall and the reconstruction of Manezhnaya Square.
- Reconstruction projects of Paveletsky railway station and Kursky railway terminal (1960s)
- Participating in the design of the Ostankino TV Tower (1960s)
- Krylatskoye Rowing Canal (1970s)
- Krylatskoye Sports Complex Velodrome (1970s)
- Olympic Village residential complex (1970s-1980s)
- Olympic Sports Complex (1970s-1980s)
- Okhotny Ryad Shopping Mall (1990s)
- Reconstruction of Manezhnaya Square and installing an imitation of the Neglinnaya River in a reinforced concrete channel with cascades and a fountain in the Alexander Garden (1990s)
- Reconstruction projects of Preobrazhenskaya Square and Riga Railway Station Square
Mosinzhproekt specialists have developed a comprehensive power supply scheme within the Garden Ring and power supply projects for many residential areas, large urban civil facilities, and highways.
- Integrated power supply layout for the Moscow center (1980s)
- Power supply of Moscow residential areas (Fili-Davydkovo, Kozhukhovo, Khodynskoye field, Mitino, Strogino, Chertanovo, Butovo, Levoberezhny, Obruchevo, Kozhukhovo, Izmailovo, Maryino, Severnoye, etc.)
- Exterior power supply projects: Okhotny Ryad Shopping mall, the Cathedral of Christ the Saviour, the Bolshoi Theater, TsUM, The Moscow International Business Center, etc. (1990s)
- Vnukovo airport power supply
- The lighting system of the Third Ring Road and the Moscow Automobile Ring Road (1990s)
In the 1950s and 1960s, the Institute worked on creating a general scheme for the development of the city's sewer system for the future and projects for the construction of large sewer structures to provide new residential areas. In those years, the main sewerage systems of the city were laid, which made it possible to completely exclude the discharge of sewage into the open reservoirs of the capital. Mosinzhproekt was directly involved in creating the Master Plan of Wastewater Disposal Treatment in Moscow until 2010.
- Development of the Master Plan of Wastewater Disposal Treatment in Moscow until 2010 (1973)
- Creation of the main wastewater disposal treatment systems of the city: Southern, Western, Northern, Cherkizovskaya
- Sewerage networks to maintain new residential areas (Troparevo, Kon'kovo, Ochakovo, Ramenki, Kuntsevo, Tushino, Khoroshyovo, Orekhovo-Borisovo, Teply Stan, Chertanovo, Biryulyovo, Tsaritsyno, Brateevo, Nikulino, Maryino, Strogino, Krylatskoye, Businovo, Beskudnikovo, Lianozovo, Medvedkovo, Izmailovo, Severnoye and Yuzhnoye Butovo, Zhulebino, Novokosino, Solntsevo, Mitino, Kozhukhovo, Ukhtomskoye, Lublino, etc.)
Mosinzhproekt has designed thousands of kilometers of heating mains in the capital, which used to provide heat supply to residential areas of the city and iconic objects of Moscow.
- Heating mains for residential areas of Moscow (Tushino, Kozhukhovo, Degunino, Beskudnikovo, Kuntsevo, Golyanovo, Severny, Levoberezhny, Maryino, Altufevo, Vnukovo, Shcherbinka, etc.)
- Reconstruction of district heating stations (DHS) Tushino-4, Mitino, Solntsevo-2, Kolomenskaya, Krylatskaya, Petrovskaya, Kuntsevskaya, Khimki-Khovrino
- Heat supply for the construction of the Dynamo Vodny Stadium
- Network of collecting mains, including heat supply, for engineering support of the Moscow International Business Center
- Reconstruction of the Manege Central Exhibition Hall
- Creating the Ensemble of Europe Square
District heating grids
With the direct participation of Mosinzhproekt in the 1950s and 1960s, a massive gas connection was carried out in the capital. The design solutions of the Institute's employees made it possible to link gas pipelines into a single system with other communications, the metro, and other underground structures. Mosinzhproekt carried out topographic and geodetic surveys for gas connection of plants and gas supply to residential areas, creating gas pipeline projects.
- Massive gas connection in Moscow (1950s-1960s)
- Gas removal from the basements of residential buildings in Moscow
- Gas connection of the Moscow region: design of gas pipelines and water pipes in the Minsk, Ryazan, and Yaroslavl directions
- Development of gas pipeline projects in the districts of Beskudnikovo, Marfino, Golyanovo, etc.
- Removing gas pipelines from the territory of the Vnukovo airport airfield
- Design of utility lines during the reconstruction of the VZU Airport with the construction of new tanks and the laying of a high-pressure gas pipeline through the residential development of the village of Vnukovo
- Re-laying of networks and reinforcement of the utility lines during the construction of road and metro facilities